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Publications@Thapar

Thapar University
Patiala, Punjab - 147004

Publication@Thapar
Rafat Siddique
Professor, Civil Engineering
Thapar University Patiala.

Contact Information:
rsiddique@thapar.edu

Publications with Thapar University Affiliation by Rafat Siddique

2016 (12)2015 (8)2014 (10)2013 (7)2012 (15)2011 (16)
2010 (6)2009 (11)2008 (7)2006 (1)2005 (1)2004 (2)
2003 (1)All

Book Publication(s):
  1. Rafat Siddique, Mohammad Iqbal Khan . Supplementary Cementing Materials, . : Springer, 2011. [ISBN : 9783642178665]
  2. Rafat Siddique. Waste Materials and By-Products in Concrete, . Germany: Springer, 2008. [ISBN : 9783540742944]

Journal Publication(s):
  1. Oluremi Johnson R., Rafat Siddique, Adeboje Ekundayo P. (2016) Stabilization Potential of Cement Kiln Dust Treated Lateritic Soil. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, Vol. 23 Iss. pp. 52-63
  2. Rafat Siddique, Gurwinder Kaur, Kunal (2016) Strength and permeation properties of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash and hooked steel fibres. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 120 Iss. pp. 15-22. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  3. Singh M, Rafat Siddique, Ait-Mokhtar K., Belarbi R. (2016) Durability Properties of Concrete Made with High Volumes of Low-Calcium Coal Bottom Ash As a Replacement of Two Types of Sand. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 28 Iss. 4 pp. -. [IF2015: 1.644]
  4. Oluremi J.R., Rafat Siddique, Adeboje E.P. (2016) Stabilization potential of cement kiln dust treated lateritic soil. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, Vol. 23 Iss. pp. 52-63
  5. Gurpreet Singh, Rafat Siddique (2016) Effect of iron slag as partial replacement of fine aggregates on the durability characteristics of self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 128 Iss. pp. 88-95. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  6. Corinaldesi V., Mazzoli A., Rafat Siddique (2016) Characterization of lightweight mortars containing wood processing by-products waste. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 123 Iss. pp. 281-289. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  7. Mehta A., Rafat Siddique (2016) An overview of geopolymers derived from industrial by-products. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 127 Iss. pp. 183-198. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  8. Singh G., Rafat Siddique (2016) Strength properties and micro-structural analysis of self-compacting concrete made with iron slag as partial replacement of fine aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 127 Iss. pp. 144-152. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  9. Rafat Siddique, Karambir Singh, Kunal, Malkit Singh, Valeria Corinaldesi, Anita Rajor (2016) Properties of bacterial rice husk ash concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 121 Iss. pp. 112-119. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  10. Kunal, Rajor A., Rafat Siddique (2016) Bacterial treatment of alkaline cement kiln dust using Bacillus halodurans strain KG1. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 47 Iss. 1 pp. 1-9. [IF2015: 1.091 ]
  11. Rafat Siddique, Nanda V., Kunal, Kadri E.-H., Iqbal Khan M., Singh M., Rajor A. (2016) Influence of bacteria on compressive strength and permeation properties of concrete made with cement baghouse filter dust. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 106 Iss. pp. 461-469. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  12. Chiker T., Aggoun S., Houari H., Rafat Siddique (2016) Sodium sulfate and alternative combined sulfate/chloride action on ordinary and self-consolidating PLC-based concretes. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 106 Iss. pp. 342-348. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  13. Rafat Siddique, Gurpreet Singh, Rafik Belarbi, KarimAit-Mokhtar, Kunal (2015) Comparative investigation on the influence of spent foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregates on the properties of two grades of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 83 Iss. pp. 216-222. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  14. Ivana Milicevic, Dubravka Bjegovic, Rafat Siddique (2015) Experimental research of concrete floor blocks with crushed bricks and tiles aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 94 Iss. pp. 775-783. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  15. Kirti Vardhan, Shweta Goyal, Rafat Siddique, Malkit Singh (2015) Mechanical properties and microstructural analysis of cement mortar incorporating marble powder as partial replacement of cement. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 96 Iss. pp. 615-621. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  16. Maria C. G Juenger, Rafat Siddique (2015) Recent advances in understanding the role of supplementary cementitious materials in concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 78 Iss. s1 pp. 71-80. [IF2015: 4.762]
  17. Malkit Singh, Rafat Siddique (2015) Effect of Low-Calcium Coal Bottom Ash as Fine Aggregate on Microstructure and Properties of Concrete. ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 112 Iss. 5 pp. 693-705. [IF2015: 1.183]
  18. Malkit Singh, Rafat Siddique (2015) Effect of coal bottom ash as partial replacement of sand on workability and strength properties of concrete. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 112 Iss. 1 pp. 620-630. [IF2015: 4.959]
  19. Singh M., Rafat Siddique (2015) Properties of concrete containing high volumes of coal bottom ash as fine aggregate. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 91 Iss. pp. 269-278. [IF2015: 4.959]
  20. Chopra D., Rafat Siddique, Kunal (2015) Strength, permeability and microstructure of self-compacting concrete containing rice husk ash. Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 130 Iss. pp. 72-80. [IF2015: 2.044]
  21. Rafat Siddique (2014) Utilization (recycling) of iron and steel industry by-product (GGBS) in concrete: Strength and durability properties. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, Vol. 16 Iss. 3 pp. 460-467. [IF2015: 1.604 ]
  22. Rafat Siddique, Mehta A. (2014) Effect of carbon nanotubes on properties of cement mortars. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 50 Iss. pp. 116-129. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  23. Murari K., Rafat Siddique, Jain K.K. (2014) Use of waste copper slag, a sustainable material. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, Vol. Iss. pp. -. [IF2015: 1.604 ]
  24. Singh M., Rafat Siddique (2014) Strength properties and micro-structural properties of concrete containing coal bottom ash as partial replacement of fine aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 50 Iss. pp. 246-256. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  25. Kunal, Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2014) Influence of bacterial treated cement kiln dust on the properties of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 52 Iss. pp. 42-51. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  26. Aggarwal Y., Rafat Siddique (2014) Microstructure and properties of concrete using bottom ash and waste foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 54 Iss. pp. 210-223. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  27. Kunal, Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2014) Strength and microstructure analysis of bacterial treated cement kiln dust mortar. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 63 Iss. pp. 49-55. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  28. Singh M., Rafat Siddique (2014) Compressive strength, drying shrinkage and chemical resistance of concrete incorporating coal bottom ash as partial or total replacement of sand. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 68 Iss. pp. 39-48. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  29. Singh M., Rafat Siddique (2013) Effect of coal bottom ash as partial replacement of sand on properties of concrete. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 72 Iss. pp. 20-32. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  30. Kaur G., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2013) Micro-structural and metal leachate analysis of concrete made with fungal treated waste foundry sand. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 38 Iss. pp. 94-100. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  31. Kaur G., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2013) Influence of fungus on properties of concrete made with waste foundry sand. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 25 Iss. 4 pp. 484-490. [IF2015: 1.644]
  32. Rafat Siddique (2013) Compressive strength, water absorption, sorptivity, abrasion resistance and permeability of self-compacting concrete containing coal bottom ash. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 47 Iss. pp. 1444-1450. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  33. Kunal, Rajor A., Rafat Siddique (2013) Biological treatment of alkaline cement kiln dust by using alkalitolerant bacteria. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, Vol. 7 Iss. 3 pp. 1933-1942
  34. Chahal N., Rafat Siddique (2013) Permeation properties of concrete made with fly ash and silica fume: Influence of ureolytic bacteria. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 49 Iss. pp. 161-174. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  35. Rafat Siddique (2012) Strength properties of high volume fly ash. Kuwait Journal of Science and Engineering, Vol. 39 Iss. 1B pp. 1-14. [IF2015: 0.312]
  36. Kunal P., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2012) Use of cement kiln dust in cement concrete and its leachate characteristics. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 61 Iss. pp. 59-68. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  37. Rafat Siddique (2012) Properties of concrete made with volcanic ash. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 66 Iss. pp. 40-44. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  38. Rafat Siddique (2012) Utilization of wood ash in concrete manufacturing. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 67 Iss. pp. 27-33. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  39. Rafat Siddique, Bennacer R. (2012) Use of iron and steel industry by-product (GGBS) in cement paste and mortar. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 69 Iss. pp. 29-34. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  40. Rafat Siddique, Kaur D. (2012) Properties of concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) at elevated temperatures. Journal of Advanced Research, Vol. 3 Iss. 1 pp. 45-51
  41. Singh G., Rafat Siddique (2012) Effect of waste foundry sand (WFS) as partial replacement of sand on the strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and permeability of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 26 Iss. 1 pp. 415-422. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  42. Chahal N., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2012) Influence of bacteria on the compressive strength, water absorption and rapid chloride permeability of fly ash concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 28 Iss. 1 pp. 351-356. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  43. Singh G., Rafat Siddique (2012) Abrasion resistance and strength properties of concrete containing waste foundry sand (WFS). Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 28 Iss. 1 pp. 421-426. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  44. Rafat Siddique, Aggarwal P., Aggarwal Y. (2012) Influence of water/powder ratio on strength properties of self-compacting concrete containing coal fly ash and bottom ash. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 29 Iss. pp. 73-81. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  45. Rafat Siddique, Kapoor K., Kadri E.-H., Bennacer R. (2012) Effect of polyester fibres on the compressive strength and abrasion resistance of HVFA concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 29 Iss. pp. 270-278. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  46. Kaur G., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2012) Properties of concrete containing fungal treated waste foundry sand. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 29 Iss. pp. 82-87. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  47. Pathak N., Rafat Siddique (2012) Properties of self-compacting-concrete containing fly ash subjected to elevated temperatures. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 30 Iss. pp. 274-280. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  48. Pathak N., Rafat Siddique (2012) Effects of elevated temperatures on properties of self-compacting-concrete containing fly ash and spent foundry sand. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 34 Iss. pp. 512-521. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  49. Chahal N., Rafat Siddique, Rajor A. (2012) Influence of bacteria on the compressive strength, water absorption and rapid chloride permeability of concrete incorporating silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 37 Iss. pp. 645-651. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  50. Rafat Siddique, Chahal N. (2011) Use of silicon and ferrosilicon industry by-products (silica fume) in cement paste and mortar. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 Iss. 8 pp. 739-744. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  51. Rafat Siddique, Singh G. (2011) Utilization of waste foundry sand (WFS) in concrete manufacturing. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 Iss. 11 pp. 885-892. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  52. Rafat Siddique (2011) Utilization of silica fume in concrete: Review of hardened properties. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 Iss. 11 pp. 923-932. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  53. Rafat Siddique, Chahal N.K. (2011) Effect of ureolytic bacteria on concrete properties. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25 Iss. 10 pp. 3791-3801. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  54. Rafat Siddique (2011) Effect of volcanic ash on the properties of cement paste and mortar. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 56 Iss. 1 pp. 66-70. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  55. Khan M.I., Rafat Siddique (2011) Utilization of silica fume in concrete: Review of durability properties. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 57 Iss. pp. 30-35. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  56. Rafat Siddique, Kaur A. (2011) Effect of metakaolin on the near surface characteristics of concrete. Materials and Structures, Vol. 44 Iss. 1 pp. 77-88. [IF2015: 2.607]
  57. Yuksel S., Rafat Siddique, Ozkan O. (2011) Influence of high temperature on the properties of concretes made with industrial by-products as fine aggregate replacement. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25 Iss. 2 pp. 967-972. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  58. Rafat Siddique (2011) Properties of self-compacting concrete containing class F fly ash. Materials & Design, Vol. 32 Iss. 3 pp. 1501-1507. [IF2015: 4.364]
  59. Rafat Siddique, Aggarwal Y., Aggarwal P., Kadri E.-H., Bennacer R. (2011) Strength, durability, and micro-structural properties of concrete made with used-foundry sand (UFS). Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25 Iss. 4 pp. 1916-1925. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  60. Rafat Siddique, Kadri E.-H. (2011) Effect of metakaolin and foundry sand on the near surface characteristics of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25 Iss. 8 pp. 3257-3266. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  61. Chahal N., Rajor A., Rafat Siddique (2011) Calcium carbonate precipitation by different bacterial strains. African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10 Iss. 42 pp. 8359-8372. [IF2015: 0.573 ]
  62. Kadri E.-H., Kenai S., Ezziane K., Rafat Siddique, De Schutter G. (2011) Influence of metakaolin and silica fume on the heat of hydration and compressive strength development of mortar. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 53 Iss. 4 pp. 704-708. [IF2015: 3.101 ]
  63. Rafat Siddique, Aggarwal P., Aggarwal Y. (2011) Prediction of compressive strength of self-compacting concrete containing bottom ash using artificial neural networks. Advances in Engineering Software, Vol. 42 Iss. 10 pp. 780-786. [IF2015: 3.0 ]
  64. Ezziane K., Kadri E.H., Rafat Siddique (2011) Investigation of slag cement quality through the analysis of its efficiency coefficient. European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Vol. 15 Iss. 10 pp. 1393-1411. [IF2015: 0.897 ]
  65. Rafat Siddique, Kaur G., Rajor A. (2010) Waste foundry sand and its leachate characteristics. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 54 Iss. 12 pp. 1027-1036. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  66. Rafat Siddique (2010) Utilization of municipal solid waste (MSW) ash in cement and mortar. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 54 Iss. 12 pp. 1037-1047. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  67. Rafat Siddique (2010) Utilization of coal combustion by-products in sustainable construction materials. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 54 Iss. 12 pp. 1060-1066. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  68. Rafat Siddique (2010) Use of municipal solid waste ash in concrete. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 Iss. 2 pp. 83-91. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  69. Rafat Siddique, Khatib J.M. (2010) Abrasion resistance and mechanical properties of high-volume fly ash concrete. Materials and Structures, Vol. 43 Iss. 5 pp. 709-718. [IF2015: 2.607]
  70. Rafat Siddique, Noumowe A.N. (2010) An overview of the properties of high-strength concrete subjected to elevated temperatures. Indoor and Built Environment, Vol. 19 Iss. 6 pp. 612-622. [IF2015: 1.181 ]
  71. Rafat Siddique, Klaus J. (2009) Influence of metakaolin on the properties of mortar and concrete: A review. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 43 Iss. 42097 pp. 392-400. [IF2015: 3.101 ]
  72. Rafat Siddique (2009) Utilization of waste materials and by-products in producing controlled low-strength materials. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 54 Iss. 1 pp. 1-8. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  73. Rafat Siddique, Schutter G.d., Noumowe A. (2009) Effect of used-foundry sand on the mechanical properties of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23 Iss. 2 pp. 976-980. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  74. Noumowe A., Rafat Siddique, Ranc G. (2009) Thermo-mechanical characteristics of concrete at elevated temperatures up to 310 °C. Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 239 Iss. 3 pp. 470-476. [IF2015: 1.142 ]
  75. Noumowe A.N., Rafat Siddique, Debicki G. (2009) Permeability of high-performance concrete subjected to elevated temperature (600 °C). Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23 Iss. 5 pp. 1855-1861. [IF2015: 3.169 ]
  76. Khatib J.M., Kayali O., Rafat Siddique (2009) Dimensional change and strength of mortars containing fly ash and metakaolin. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 21 Iss. 9 pp. 523-528. [IF2015: 1.644]
  77. Rafat Siddique, Noumowe A. (2008) Utilization of spent foundry sand in controlled low-strength materials and concrete. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 53 Iss. 42036 pp. 27-35. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  78. Aggarwal P., Rafat Siddique, Aggarwal Y., Gupta S.M. (2008) Self-compacting concrete - Procedure for mix design. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies, Vol. 7 Iss. 12 pp. 15-24
  79. Rafat Siddique (2008) Fracture toughness and impact strength of high-volume Class-F fly ash concrete reinforced with natural san fibres. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies, Vol. 7 Iss. 12 pp. 25-36
  80. Rafat Siddique, Khatib J., Kaur I. (2008) Use of recycled plastic in concrete: A review. Waste Management, Vol. 28 Iss. 10 pp. 1835-1852. [IF2015: 4.03]
  81. Rafat Siddique, Aggarwal P., Aggarwal Y., Gupta S.M. (2008) Modeling properties of self-compacting concrete: Support vector machines approach. Computers and Concrete, Vol. 5 Iss. 5 pp. 461-473. [IF2015: 0.813]
  82. Rafat Siddique (2006) Utilization of cement kiln dust (CKD) in cement mortar and concrete-an overview. Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 48 Iss. 4 pp. 315-338. [IF2015: 3.313 ]
  83. Rafat Siddique (2004) Performance characteristics of high-volume Class F fly ash concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34 Iss. 3 pp. 487-493. [IF2015: 4.762]
  84. Naik T.R., Chun Y.-M., Kraus R.N., Ramme B.W., Rafat Siddique (2004) Precast concrete products using industrial by-products. ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 101 Iss. 3 pp. 199-206. [IF2015: 1.183]
  85. Rafat Siddique (2003) Effect of fine aggregate replacement with Class F fly ash on the mechanical properties of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 33 Iss. 4 pp. 539-547. [IF2015: 4.762]

Conference Publication(s):
  1. Khatib J.M., Rafat Siddique, Halliday C., Khatib S. (2014) Lime activated fly ash paste in the presence of metakaolin. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Civil Engineering Structures and Construction Materials [2nd : : 23 September 2014 through 25 September 2014], pp.415-418.
  2. Rafat Siddique (2014) Utilization of industrial by-products in concrete. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Civil Engineering Structures and Construction Materials [2nd : : 23 September 2014 through 25 September 2014], pp.335-347.
  3. Rafat Siddique, Dhanoa G.S. (2013) Design & development of concrete using waste foundry sand as partial replacement of fine aggregate. Proceedings of the Proceedings of the East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction [13th : Sapporo : 11 September 2013 through 13 September 2013], pp.-.
  4. Rafat Siddique, Khatib J.,M., Y?ksel I., Aggarwal P. (2009) Strength properties of high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete incorporating steel fibres. Proceedings of the Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation - Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.149-157.
  5. Gupta S.,M., Aggarwal P., Aggarwal Y., Sehgal V.,K., Rafat Siddique, Kaushik S.,K. (2009) Permeability of high strength concrete. Proceedings of the Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation - Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.159-163.
  6. Achal V., Rafat Siddique, M Sudhakara Reddy, Mukherjee A. (2009) Improvement in the compressive strength of cement mortar by the use of a microorganism - Bacillus megaterium. Proceedings of the Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation - Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.27-29.
  7. Khatib J.,M., Wild S., Rafat Siddique, Kenai S. (2009) Adiabatic temperature rise of metakaolin mortar. Proceedings of the Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation - Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.233-237.
  8. Zhang J., Khatib J.,M., Booth C., Rafat Siddique (2009) Possible utilization of wheat husk ash waste in the production of precast concrete elements. Proceedings of the Excellence in Concrete Construction through Innovation - Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.517-521.
  9. Yüksel I., Rafat Siddique, Ozkan O., Khatib J.M. (2008) Effect of GGBFS and GSS on the properties of mortar. Proceedings of the International Conference on Concrete Construction [London : 9 September 2008 through 10 September 2008], pp.-451.
  10. Rafat Siddique (2005) Fracture toughness and impact strength of high-volume class-f fly ASH concrete reinforced with san fibres. Proceedings of the Proceedings of the International Conference on Cement Combinations for Durable Concrete [Dundee, Scotland : 5 July 2005 through 7 July 2005], pp.487-494.